Almost every part of modern daily life relies on minerals, often mined thousands of miles away.
As technology evolves faster than ever, we become more and more reliant on a new cohort of minerals. We are moving to a world powered by critical minerals: we need lithium, cobalt and graphite to make batteries for electric cars; silicon and tin for our electronics; rare earth elements for electric cars and wind turbines.
The world in 2040 is expected to need 4 times as many critical minerals for clean energy technologies as it does today.
How can UK maximise what it produces along the critical minerals value chain – through mining, refining, manufacturing and recycling – in a way that creates jobs and growth and protects communities and our natural environment?